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A. Briard, L. Gostiaux and B.-J. Gréa

The turbulent Faraday instability in miscible fluids

Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 883, A57 (2020)

Experiments of a turbulent mixing zone created by the Faraday instability at the statically stable interface between salt and fresh water are presented. The two-layer system, contained in a cuboidal tank of large dimensions, is accelerated vertically and periodically at various frequencies and amplitudes for three different density contrasts. We have developed a linear approach accounting for the full inhomogeneous and viscous problem, that is applied to a linear piecewise background density profile, and recovers the limiting cases of interface and homogeneous turbulence with a fully developed mixing layer.

At onset, the wavelength of the most amplified modes and the corresponding Floquet exponent of the interface both verify our predictions. The dynamics is rather different when the instability is triggered from a sharp or diffuse interface: in the latter case, a change of characteristic wavelengths can be observed experimentally and explained by the theory.

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